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You Need To Know About Typhoid | Learn more | Be safe in Typhoid | safe your family

Typhoid is a bacteria infection that can affect several organs in the body.The unwellness is extremely contagious and might be fatal if not treated on time.. Find out how to spot the signs of a typhoid infection, how it is spread, and how to protect your family.

Symptoms of typhoid

You may experience one and more of the following.
  • High temperature: 39-40°c (103-104°F)
  • Stomach pain
  • Headache
  • Constipation
  • Weakness


You Need To Know About Typhoid | Learn more | Be safe in Typhoid | safe your family

The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. The most commonly used are ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone. Other then medicines, it is important to rehydrate by drinking adequate water. In more severe cases, where the bowel becomes perforated, surgery may be required.

Typhoid antibiotic resistance

  1. As with the number of other bacterial diseases, there is currently concerned about the growing resistance of antibiotics to S. Typhi.
  2. This is impacting the selection of medicine offered to treat enteric fever.In recent years, for instance, enteric fever has become immune to trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole and Principen.
  3. Ciprofloxacin, one amongst the key medications for enteric fever, is additionally experiencing similar difficulties. Some studies have found the salmonella Typhimurium resistance rate to be around 35%.


  1. Typhoid is caused by Salmonella typhosa, a bacteria from identical genus that causes enteric bacteria gastrointestinal disorder.
  2. Typhoid is spread through contact with infected people's feces and urine. This makes it very common in countries with poor sanitation, where human waste can find its way into the source of drinking water in the food chain.
  3. If cough early, typhoid symptoms will usually be mild and clear off within two weeks.
  4. However, without treatments, roughly one in five cases of typhoid are fatal, while those surviving may have permanent physical or mental disabilities.
  5. It is why a typhoid fevers should be treated as quickly as possible with a course of antibiotics, serious cases of typhoid will require hospital treatment and a class of antibiotic injections.


Countries will less access to clean water, and washing facilities typically have a higher number of typhoid cases.
Before traveling to a unsound space, obtaining immunised against infectious disease is suggested. This can be achieved by oral medication for one of injection. When in a locality wherever enteric fever is widespread.

  • Get vaccinated two vaccinations are available that will give you a good level of protection from typhoid. Speak to your GP about the correct course of immunizations.
  • Drink boiled water, bottle, or chemically e disinfected water unless it has been boiled first, avoid drinking, washing food, or brushing your teeth with tap water. Drinking bottled water where possible and water that has been chemically disinfected.
  • Avoid on cooked food. Make sure that you eat cooked thoroughly to destroy any harmful germs.
  • Practice good hand hygiene. Remember to wash your hands regularly with germ protection solutions such as Dettol liquid handwash and clean water.

Avoiding infection

Typhoid is spread by contact and ingestion of human faces. This can happen through an infected water source or when handling foods.

The following square measure some general rules to follow once traveling to assist minimize the prospect of enteric fever infection.

  • Drink bottled water, preferably carbonated.
  • If the bottled water cannot be sourced, ensure water is heated on a rolling boil for at least one minute before consuming.
  • Beware of eating anything that has been handled by someone else.
  • Do not have ice in drinks.
  • Avoid raw fruits and vegetables, peel fruits yourself, and do not eat the peel.

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